When it comes to the health of our dogs we want to be as proactive as possible. That’s why it’s important to stay on top of your dog’s vaccination schedule. Vaccinations can not only save your dog’s life, but some are required by law (such as the rabies vaccine). If you are confused on when or which vaccinations your dog needs, keep reading! You’ll learn about each vaccination and why they are important.

List Of Dog Vaccinations

Core Dog Vaccines

Core vaccines should be administered to dogs regardless of location/lifestyle.

Rabies: a viral disease that attacks the nervous system and is fatal. Rabies can be transmitted to humans.

Distemper: another viral disease that attacks the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. Distemper is often fatal to dogs.

Hepatitis/Adenovirus: This vaccine protects against Adenovirus type 1 and type 2. Adenovirus type 1 causes canine hepatitis and affects the liver and other organ systems. Adenovirus type 2 causes respiratory illness and has been linked to the development of kennel cough.

Parvovirus: Parvovirus can be fatal, but not in every case. It causes severe vomiting and diarrhea.

Parainfluenza: this viral disease affects the respiratory system.

Non-Core Dog Vaccines

Non-core vaccines should be administered to dogs based on their location or lifestyle. For example, dog daycare facilities require the Bordetella (Kennel Cough) vaccine.

Bordetella: a bacterial infection that causes and contributes to the development of kennel cough.

Leptospirosis: a bacterial infection that affects the liver, kidneys, and other systems. Leptospirosis can be fatal, but it’s only a risk in certain geographic locations. Consult with your vet to find out if your dog requires this vaccine.

Lyme Disease: a bacterial infection that is transmitted by ticks. It can cause arthritis and kidney disease. Like leptospirosis, lyme disease is only a risk in certain locations.

Coronavirus: a viral disease that primarily causes diarrhea.

Giardia: a parasite that mainly causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Canine Influenza H3N8: a virus that causes flu-like symptoms and is very contagious to other dogs in close contact. Most dog service businesses now require this vaccine in order to use their service.

Rattlesnake Vaccine: this vaccine is used to lessen the severity of snake bite symptoms.

Vaccine Letter Combinations

Often you will see dog vaccinations listed as a letter of series of letters. This is just code used for veterinarians and other dog-related businesses. Here is a list of each vaccine’s letter code:

D = Distemper

H or A2 = Adenovirus type 2; also protects against hepatitis (caused by Adenovirus type 1)

P = Parainfluenza (sometimes Pi)

PV = Parvovirus (sometimes simply abbreviated as P)

L = Leptospirosis

C = Coronavirus

Puppy Vaccination Schedule

6-10 weeks: DHPP, Kennel Cough

11-14 weeks: DHPP, Leptospirosis

15-16 weeks: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Rabies

Adult Dog Vaccination Schedule

DHPP – every 3 years

Rabies – every 3 years

Leptospirosis – every year

Canine Influenza – every year

Lyme Disease – every year

Bordetella (Kennel Cough) – every 6 months for dogs that go to boarding/daycare/grooming facilities. Every year for all other dogs.

Written by Vincent M.

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