Today is International Day Of Veterinary Medicine, so we’re taking a deep dive into the history of veterinary medicine and where it is today. Veterinary medicine has come such a long way in the past 100 years that it’s hard to imagine a time when these life-saving technologies weren’t readily available to us. However, it wasn’t until the 1900s that domesticated animals regularly received veterinary care. Before then, veterinary medicine was mainly practiced on livestock such as horses and cattle.

The History of Veterinary Medicine

Early Veterinary Medicine

The practice of veterinary medicine dates all the way back to the Middle East in 9,000 BC, where sheep herders used basic medical skills to treat their herd as well as the dogs who watched over them. Later in Egypt, between 4,000-3,000 BC, it was more common for animals to receive medical treatment. However, the practice was still largely underdeveloped.

Veterinary Medicine In The Last Few Centuries

The scientific study of veterinary medicine was officially born in the 1760s, when Claude Bourgelat established the first school of veterinary medicine in Lyon, France. Since then, veterinary medicine has progressed alongside human medicine.

In 1791, the London Veterinary College was established, and in 1863 the American Veterinary Medical Association was born, it’s mission being to oversee the advancement of veterinary medicine and its practitioners. A century later, in 1965, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) added a Veterinary Medical Branch. This later became the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM), which oversees veterinary pharmaceuticals, as well as regulations relating to food, medicine, and other products for animals.

Veterinary Technology Today

The past 30 years has shown a huge shift for veterinary medicine. Technological advances have allowed veterinarians to detect diseases earlier, and have even made surgery much safer.

The introduction of wellness exams and preventative care has drastically improved the quality of life for our pets. Tools like digital radiology, advanced diagnostic and surgical equipment have made it possible for our pets to live long, healthy lives.

Communication advancements have grown alongside these medical changes, allowing us to reach out to our veterinarians and schedule appointments online with ease.

Written by Vincent M.

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